There are several conservation programmes in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park (BINP). The it was was declared in 1991 a lot of effort has been put in by the governement and conservation organisations to protect endangered mountain gorillas. There is a great history to learn about gorilla conservation and the general protection of Bwindu Impenetrable National Park.

Just after gazeeting Bwindi Impenetrable Forest as a national park, the community of Mukona Parish protested by setting fire to around 10 sq kms of forest. In 1998, the same villagers walked five hours without any remuneration or incentive to put out a fire that had started accidentally, a great lesson to learn from promoting sustainable tourism in Africa. The change of attitude is due to the socio-economic benefits associated with gorilla tourism. More than 60 per cent of people in most communities bordering protected areas of gorilla habitat now feel that they benefit from the forests, and could name several forms of benefit.